In addition to their tragic human toll, disasters and conflicts can destroy infrastructure, undermine human security and tear apart the fabric of sustainable development. Their impacts are disproportionately borne by the most vulnerable sectors of society, affecting livelihoods and compounding poverty.
As a victim or a driver of crisis, the environment can play a pivotal role in human security and well being. Degraded or poorly managed ecosystems can lead to conflict over dwindling water, food or fuel resources, or to increased exposure and vulnerability to natural hazards, such as landslides or flash floods. Conversely, sustainable management of natural resources can provide a strong platform for recovery, development and lasting peace.
UNEP’s Disasters and Conflicts sub-programme works to understand and reduce the impacts of environmental degradation from disasters and conflicts on human health, livelihoods and security. It also emphasizes the role of healthy ecosystems in reducing the risk of disasters and conflicts. From the Balkans to Afghanistan, Lebanon, Sudan and Nigeria, UNEP has responded to crisis situations, delivering wide-ranging environmental expertise to partners in the UN family.
Through its Disasters and Conflicts sub-programme, UNEP provides four core services to Member States:
- Post-crisis environmental assessments
- Post-crisis environmental recovery
- Environmental cooperation for peacebuilding
- Disaster risk reduction
As the focal point for environment within the UN crisis response system, UNEP also works to integrate environmental considerations within humanitarian and peacekeeping operations. Coordinated by UNEP's Post-Conflict and Disaster Management Branch, the Disasters and Conflicts sub-programme is delivered through several key actors and partners, including the Joint UNEP/OCHA Environment Unit, the Environment and Security (ENVSEC) Initiative, and the APELL (Awareness and Preparedness from Emergencies on a Local Level) Programme.
Key policy activities relating to UNEP’s work in Disasters and Conflicts fall under its two thematic services of Disaster Risk Reduction and Environmental Cooperation for Peacebuilding.
UNEP Post-Conflict and Disaster
International Environment House
11-15 Chemin des Anemones
CH-1219 Chatelaine, Geneva
Tel: +41(0)22 917 8530
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